Ligand Dependent Transcription of Retinoid-Target
Retinoid receptors are asymmetrically oriented Retinoic acid receptor (RAR)/ Retinoid
X receptor (RXR) heterodimers that bind to specific DNA sequences or Retinoic acid
response elements (RAREs) in the promoters ...
The Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) plays a crucial role
in immune and inflammatory responses through the regulation of genes encoding
pro-inflammatory cytokines, adhesion molecules, chemokines, growth factors and inducible
enzymes. Transcription factors ...
The Tumor protein p53 (p53) plays a critical role in
safeguarding the integrity of the genome. Upon activation,
p53 binds to the enhancer/promoter elements of downstream
target genes and regulates their transcription, through which it initiates ...
Myocyte enhancer factors 2 (MEF2) is a family of
muscle-enriched transcription factors that have an essential role in myogenesis. In
addition, MEF2 is also expressed at high levels in neurons
and lymphocytes, where it serves as a regulator ...
DNA damage checkpoints are biochemical pathways that delay or halt cell cycle
progression in response to DNA damage. Cell cycle proceeds in four phases in all somatic
eukaryotic cells, G1, S, G2, and M, and one outside ...