Ligand Dependent Transcription of Retinoid-Target
Retinoid receptors are asymmetrically oriented Retinoic acid receptor (RAR)/ Retinoid
X receptor (RXR) heterodimers that bind to specific DNA sequences or Retinoic acid
response elements (RAREs) in the promoters ...
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPAR) are ligand-inducible transcription factors that belong to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. The PPAR group consists of three types: PPAR-alpha, PPAR-beta(delta) and PPAR-gamma. ...
Role of VDR in regulation of genes involved in
Osteoporosis is a common disease affecting the majority of older women and a
significant minority of older men. It is defined as the gradual reduction in bone
strength with advancing age, particularly in post-menopause women. ...
Endogenous and exogenous estrogens undergo oxidative metabolism by hepatic microsomal
cytochrome P-450. Aromatic hydroxylation at either the C2 or C4 position is a major route
of Estradiol metabolism in humans and other mammals,
although there is less 4-hydroxylation ...
Glucocorticoids are potent anti-inflammatory and
immunosuppressive agents. They inhibit synthesis of almost all known cytokines, enzymes
involved in the inflammatory process and several cell surface molecules required for
immune function. ...