Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is a T cell derived multifunctional
cytokine that plays a critical role in the regulation of immune responses.
IL-4 induces Th2 (T helper 2) differentiation, causes
macrophage suppression, and stimulates B cell production of Immunoglobulins E, G1 and G4
Interferons (IFNs) are pleiotropic cytokines that mediate anti-viral responses,
inhibit proliferation and participate in immune surveillance and tumor suppression by
inducing the transcription of a number of IFN-stimulated genes. The IFN family includes
two main classes of related cytokines, type ...
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine produced
by various types of lymphoid and nonlymphoid cells, such as T cells, B cells, monocytes,
fibroblasts, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, mesangial cells and several tumor cells.
IL-6 provokes a broad range of cellular and physiological
Interleukin-9 (IL-9) is a multifunctional cytokine
secreted by T helper 2 (Th2) lymphocytes. IL-9 exerts
various effects on a variety of cell types associated with allergic inflammation.
IL-9 stimulates the growth and proliferation of T cells,
enhances the production of IgE from ...
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a pleiotropic cytokine with
important immunoregulatory functions. Its actions influence activities of many of the
cell-types in the immune system. It is also a cytokine with potent anti-inflammatory
properties: it represses the expression of inflammatory cytokines, ...
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by activated macrophages,
endothelial cells, B cells and fibroblasts. IL-1 stimulates a broad spectrum of immune
and inflammatory responses , .
Human eosinophils are key effector cells implicated in a number of chronic
inflammatory reactions, associated with bronchial asthma, allergic-inflammatory diseases
and parasitic infections. Chemoattractants/chemokines, generated at the affected sites,
promote migration of eosinophils from vasculature ...